“This was a scary time and people were avoiding AIDS patients like the plague,” recalled Eugene Ruppert, 69, who retired as a captain with New York City’s Department of Correction, which oversees burials on Hart Island.Corey Kilgannon – The New York Times.
The Hart Island Project
Hart Island is the burial site of anyone who dies in New York City whose body is not collected by a licensed funeral director. The City does not cremate. On June 18, 1983, the New York State Funeral Directors Association urged its members not to embalm AIDS fatalities. It then became difficult to find a funeral director to handle the bodies of people who died of AIDS related illnesses.
At least seventeen AIDS burials from 1985 are located in individual graves at a remote location at the southern-most tip of the Hart Island. In 1992, photographer Joel Sternfeld and Melinda Hunt were permitted to photograph the marker of the first child known to have died of AIDS. On April 29, 2018, a drone flying over the southern tip of Hart Island captured the locations of burial markers.
The Hart Island Project AIDS Initiative is an attempt to identify people who died of AIDS buried on Hart Island and preserve their stories. According to a recent story in The New York Times by Corey Kilgannon: “Trying to pin down the precise number of those with AIDS buried on Hart Island is difficult. A longstanding stigma about the island and criticism that the burial practices are crude and outdated have made city officials reluctant to provide many details.”